Mission Statement of the oiip
The Austrian Institute for International Affairs (oiip) is a Think Tank founded in 1979 and committed to fundamental research in the field of international politics. The oiip is Austria’s leading institute on international politics at the juncture between academic and policy oriented research. Besides international academic publishing the Institute’s researchers are engaged in teaching, policy consultancy and public awareness raising.
We are part of various international research networks and collaborations, keep track of emerging trends and developments and actively participate in relevant academic debates. As a result we make a significant contribution of the development of the academic discourse in international politics.
We take practical, independent and courageous socio-political positions and develop solution approaches which we offer to national and European representatives of politics, administration, economy and society. We constitute a meeting point and a venue for critical thinking and international and interdisciplinary debates and exchanges. As such, the Institute’s work contributes to Austria’s internationalisation.
We work to enhance an informed and unbiased view of world politics. Diversity and gender equality are our core assets, which we work to promote. The Institute is also committed to the best possible career development of its staff members. Both internally and externally we live interrelated respect, open communication and transparency.
Key Research Areas of the oiip
Our research focuses on how and by whom security, insecurity, and risks are defined and negotiated, who the referent objects are, and whose security is considered to matter in the process. Drawing on critical approaches in security studies, including feminist and postcolonial perspectives, we analyze security policies, institutions, technologies, and practices. We follow a broad concept of security that allows for the inclusion of different aspects of security (e.g. social, economic, environmental) and reflect on the (re)production of insecurities and violence by and through security politics.
- International Security Regimes and Institutions
- Critical Security Studies
- Privatization of Security
- Gender, Peace, and Security
- EU Border Security
Democracy, Authoritarianism and the State
Formal and informal non-state actors are playing an increasingly important role in foreign and domestic politics, transforming the character and functioning of statehood and democracy. The manifestations and effects of this proliferation of political agency have been particularly drastic in countries of the periphery, in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, Turkey, and the Middle East. Linked to these processes is the rise of neo-authoritarianism, populist nationalism, illiberal tendencies as well as neoliberal transformations of the state. These pose serious challenges to liberal democracy, democratic values and institutions, and the normative power of the EU. Our research explores the factors that support the emergence and maintenance of new autocracies, the legitimation of authoritarian power, as well as oppositional forces, including civil society actors and social movements.
- (De)Democratisation Processes
- The Rise of Neo-Authoritarian Systems
- Social Movements and Civil Society Actors
- Neoliberal State Transformations
Europe and its Neighbourhood
Europe’s immediate neighbourhood has undergone tremendous transformations and so has the EU itself. In our research, we switch sides and examine the EU’s role, its policies, and discourses from the perspective of candidate countries for EU membership and other neighbouring countries. Regional expertise encompasses Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, Turkey, and the MENA-region. We investigate the future of EU-enlargement, including the limits of conditionality and the EU as normative power. We focus on the role of domestic dynamics, power balances, elite settlements, social movements, and non-state actors.
- EU Neighbourhood Policy
- Normative Power of the EU
- Cultural Norms and International Politics
- EU Relations with Turkey, the Balkans, and the MENA-region
- Border Politics
Political Conflict, Violence and Extremism
We study the manifestations, features, processes, and broader societal implications of extremism, terrorism, and political violence, as well as prevention, deradicalisation and rehabilitation measures and programs. Our work is interdisciplinary and combines International Relations and Security Studies with concepts and theories from adjacent disciplines such as criminology and socio-psychology. We carry out basic and applied research on these phenomena in Austria, Europe and relevant regions such as North Africa, the Middle East, and South-East Asia.
- (De)Radicalisation Processes
- Terrorism and Anti-Terror-Policies
- Peace and Conflict Studies
Global Politics of Innovation
The focal area analyzes “innovation” as a guiding value in contemporary societies and international relations. As a powerful idea and global imperative, innovation presents a contested terrain of power struggles and confrontations over global leadership and international economic hegemony, over benefits and risks of new technologies, as well as over collective imaginations of the “good society” more generally. Our research focuses on diverse sites and topical fields where innovation is pursued and negotiated, such as the digitalization of society, cyber security, (inter-)national technology transfers, and global health governance.
- Sociotechnical Visions of the Innovation Society
- Innovation, Governance and Statehood
- Innovation and Global (In)Security